An Exploration of LGBT+ experiences at competitions...
In a recent survey done by The Equality Network, 79% of respondents thought that there was a problem with homophobia in sports and 66% felt there was a problem with transphobia in sports, i.e. prejudice again people attracted to those of the same gender and prejudice against people who have transmitted from one gender to another respectively. This made Kayden Medcalf reflect upon agility as sport, and he wondered whether the human competitors within agility had experienced anything similar and, if not, he wanted to explore what it is about agility that makes it so different from other sports which seem to struggle to overcome discrimination. So he posted a survey on Agilitynet Facebook to find out more.
At first I felt sure that agility was an accepting and diverse LGBT friendly sport. However, I started to recall incidents that I had seen or heard of in agility that suggested we might not be as accepting as we could be. Personally, I felt that agility was a more welcoming sport than others, but I wanted to see if the few comments I had heard that had shocked me were the norm or an anomaly.
Discrimination is treating some people less favourably than others, in this case due to their sexuality or gender. This can be in many forms such as physical violence, verbal harassment, the use of prejudicial and offensive language, or even a denial of access to services. To investigate further, I decided to do a survey, asking whether anyone had ever experienced discrimination within agility due to their sexuality. I posted an on-line survey on Agilitynet FB aimed at LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender etc.) agility competitors, asking for their experiences with discrimination and was surprised by the uproar it caused from the on-line agility community.
A wide range of sexualities were represented:-
This suggests that agility is an accessible sport to most people of various sexual orientations with the only exception gay men who are under-represented in comparison to national statistics.
However, other comments were much more positive, reporting, 'I've never had any issues, neither has my partner.' 96.9% of all respondents including heterosexuals reported never having to change their appearance or behaviour at agility shows in an attempt to hide their gender identity or sexuality. That means over 3% of all people who attend agility shows feel they have to change or hide something about themselves to be accepted. This figure rises to 10.3% when focusing only on LGB experiences. One respondent reported that they, 'don't hold hands or show too much affection towards my partner,' specifically at agility shows.
When focusing on lesbian respondents answers to whether they had experienced discrimination or harassment at an agility show 1 in 7 reported experiencing discrimination and / or harassment at an agility show that was directly related to their sexuality or gender. All reports of experiencing harassment and / or discrimination or changing behaviour/appearances at agility shows due to sexuality or gender quadrupled, at least, when looking specifically at LGB respondents experiences in comparison to the wider population. With over 10% of LGB respondents reporting experiencing discrimination and/or harassment and having changed their appearance and/or behaviour from normal at an agility show due to their sexuality or gender.
In the survey three respondents reported experiencing discrimination due to other factors. To me this calls for further investigation into experiences of other types of discrimination beyond that of LGBT+ experiences. As the survey become more and more debated on-line I started to receive personal messages from people sharing their experiences. One competitor told me, 'I hear [other competitors] debating whether I'm a lesbian or not because I have short hair, tattoos and I dress in jeans and t-shirts.' Comments like this can be oppressive as they cause the person receiving them to 'check' themselves and try to alter how they are interpreted by others, while also causing them to feel that others feel a need to categorise them rather than treat them as an individual of equal worth. This can create an attitude of self-policing that often leaves people feeling unwelcome or judged.
Another respondent reported hearing frequent sexist and racist comments over the tannoy systems at shows and had left their club due to the sexist double standards there. One more respondent said that they had repeatedly received transphobic and 'inappropriate words at the starting line' from Scrimers. In all but one of these reports, no one mentioned accessing help from the KC or show organisers in regard to the discrimination they experienced, with one respondent stating that it took her some six months of repeat incidences before she worked out how to deal with the situation herself . The respondent who did speak to show organisers regarding discrimination found that some organisers were the perpetrators and supporters of the discrimination she was experiencing.
Could be improved
Of the five who felt that the KC does not do enough to protect its competitors, one said, 'I think the KC should insist on an anti-discrimination statement in all clubs rules.' Two respondents stated that they did not know of any regulations in place to protect competitors, while another said, 'The KC does have regulations and guidelines regarding disability access, but these are not enforced by all shows. There are several shows that I will never go back to due to the way I have been treated.'
From these results, it can be seen that agility is overwhelmingly a positive experience, free from prejudice where people feel welcomed and comfortable. Most respondents to the second half of the survey saw the common bond in a love for dogs as uniting everyone despite their sexual orientation.
However, for a very small minority, due to a variety of factors, this is not the case. For me, this is sad as agility has personally brought me so much happiness over the years and shaped me into the person I am today. It is sad to hear that for some people this happiness is tainted by experiences of discrimination and feeling that to be accepted they have to hide or change parts of themselves.
The reaction to the on-line survey was for the most part positive. Unfortunately, a small minority of people reacted extremely negatively, feeling that it was an attack on the sport itself and all individuals who took part. The extreme hostility with which the survey was met with shocked many people, with one person commenting, 'I have never seen any sort of discrimination in agility and so thought it didn't exist... [the response to the survey] showed me otherwise! I was utterly appalled.' Another person commented in the survey that if they were LGBT they, 'would be terrified to go to a show after reading those comments,' as they would be scared that, 'if there was an issue, and I was to report it, that everyone would gang up together and call me a liar because it 'doesn't happen in agility.''
While the idea that anyone could experience homophobia or transphobia at shows or training was seen by many as impossible, some felt they had to discredit anyone who wished to further investigate LGBT+ agility competitor experiences. Others felt that they come to agility only to run their dogs. The experiences of others - who are also there to run their dogs - did not matter to them and so they were uninterested or, in some cases, wanted to stop any investigation into others experiences of agility. This attitude creates an air of 'don't ask, don't tell,' an atmosphere that discourages reporting incidents of discrimination to the relevant authorities due to fear of reprisals or confusion over what protection the KC affords them.
It also sends out a message that LGBT+ people and their experiences are unimportant and unwanted within agility while also suggesting that any discrimination experienced is the fault of the victim for being visibly different. This creates an atmosphere of self-policing and victim blaming, whilst sending a message to minority groups that their voices and presence is not valued, and that they would not be supported should anything negative happen to them. I am sure it is not an attitude that is held by most agility competitors who have not heard of any negative experiences within agility before. It is this culture of silence that needs to be tackled.
I suggest that a few simple changes to KC or any other type of agility could help achieve this:-
The combined love for our dogs and the sport of agility itself is a strong foundation to build upon. By joining together as a community, we can send a strong message of acceptance and diversity now. We can continue to lead in the world of sports as an example of how camaraderie, acceptance and diversity can exist within a competitive sport. Complying with the guidance set out for sport organisations in regards to equality standards could also contribute to establishing agility as a sport in the eyes of sporting federations and sport regulating bodies.
I believe this would benefit everyone and agility as a whole by helping agility achieve the recognition it deserves as a sport. The statistic that over 10% percent of LGBT respondents do not feel welcomed and / or safe and feel that they would have to hide or change something about themselves to be accepted at agility shows is a disturbing statistic. Even one person feels alienated that is one person too many. As a community we need to work together to make everyone feel welcome just as they are, while also celebrating our success that 97.6% of all competitors feel completely welcomed and never alienated at shows due to gender or sexuality. With a few small changes, we can make sure 100% of people feel fully accepted and able to compete at every show, which would be a shining example to many other sports.
Kayden is an Agility Club Approved Instructor (ACAI) and an Agility Club Approved Judge.
Having graduated from Northampton University with a 1st in BA (Hons) Criminology in 2013 and due to finish a Masterís Degree from Portsmouth in Literature, Culture and Identity this year, Kayden is looking forward to being able to spend more quality time with Holly and Pixie instead of just cuddling up with them while reading books and writing essays. This is the first article of Kayden's to be published and will hopefully be the first of many.
First published 31 July 2014